Bugï¿½n Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'da yaï¿½ayan Mï¿½slï¿½man Tï¿½rkler, "Mao'nun Kï¿½zï¿½l ï¿½ini"ndeki zulmï¿½n tekrarï¿½nï¿½ yaï¿½amaktadï¿½rlar. Genï¿½ler sebepsiz yere tutuklanmakta, rejime karï¿½ï¿½ olduklarï¿½ iddiasï¿½ ile idama mahkum edilerek kurï¿½una dizilmekte, Mï¿½slï¿½manlarï¿½n ibadetlerini topluca yapmalarï¿½ engellenmekte, kazanï¿½larï¿½ acï¿½masï¿½z vergilerle ellerinden alï¿½nmakta, halk aï¿½lï¿½k tehlikesiyle ï¿½lï¿½mï¿½n eï¿½iï¿½inde yaï¿½amakta, yanï¿½baï¿½larï¿½nda yapï¿½lan nï¿½kleer denemelerle ï¿½lï¿½mcï¿½l hastalï¿½klara yakalanmaktadï¿½r. Batï¿½lï¿½ ï¿½lkeler, ise tï¿½m dï¿½nya ile irtibatï¿½ ï¿½zellikle kesilen bu topraklardaki insan haklarï¿½ ihlallerini her zamanki gibi gï¿½rmezlikten ve duymazlï¿½ktan gelmektedir.

Tï¿½rk Vatanï¿½na ï¿½in ï¿½ï¿½gali

Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistanlï¿½ Mï¿½slï¿½man Tï¿½rkler, yaklaï¿½ï¿½k 250 yï¿½ldï¿½r ï¿½in egemenliï¿½i altï¿½nda yaï¿½amaktalar. ï¿½inliler, bir ï¿½slam topraï¿½ï¿½ olan Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'a "kazanï¿½lmï¿½ï¿½ topraklar" anlamï¿½na gelen "Sincang" adï¿½nï¿½ koydular ve burayï¿½ kendi topraklarï¿½ olarak tanï¿½mladï¿½lar. 1949 yï¿½lï¿½nda Mao ï¿½nderliï¿½indeki komï¿½nistlerin ï¿½in'in yï¿½netimini ele almalarï¿½nï¿½n ardï¿½ndan, Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan ï¿½zerindeki baskï¿½lar eskisine oranla daha da arttï¿½. Komï¿½nist rejim politikasï¿½, asimile olmayï¿½ reddeden insanlarï¿½n fiziksel olarak imha edilmesine yï¿½neldi. Katledilen insan sayï¿½sï¿½ korkunï¿½ boyutlara ulaï¿½tï¿½. 1949-1952 yï¿½llarï¿½ arasï¿½nda 2 milyon 800 bin, 1952-1957 arasï¿½nda 3 milyon 509 bin, 1958-1960 yï¿½llarï¿½ arasï¿½nda 6 milyon 700 bin, 1961-65 yï¿½llarï¿½ arasï¿½nda 13 milyon 300 bin kiï¿½i ya ï¿½in ordusu tarafï¿½ndan katledildi ya da rejimin doï¿½urduï¿½u kï¿½tlï¿½k sebebi ile ï¿½lï¿½me terk edildi. 1965'ten sonraki olaylarda ï¿½len Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistanlï¿½ sayï¿½sï¿½ 35 milyon gibi inanï¿½lmaz bir rakama ulaï¿½tï¿½.

Halkï¿½n hayatta kalabilen bï¿½lï¿½mï¿½ ise bï¿½yï¿½k baskï¿½ ve iï¿½kencelere maruz bï¿½rakï¿½ldï¿½. Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'ï¿½n uzun sï¿½re sï¿½rgï¿½nde yaï¿½ayan merhum lideri ï¿½sa Yusuf Alptekin, Tï¿½rkiye'de yayï¿½nlanan "Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan Davasï¿½" ve "Unutulan Vatan Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan" adlï¿½ kitaplarï¿½nda sï¿½z konusu baskï¿½ ve iï¿½kenceleri ayrï¿½ntï¿½larï¿½yla anlatï¿½r. Bu kitaplarda anlatï¿½lana gï¿½re, Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'da halka uygulanan baskï¿½lar, Sï¿½rplar'ï¿½n Bosna'da Mï¿½slï¿½man Boï¿½naklara veya Kosova'da Arnavut ï¿½oï¿½unluï¿½a uyguladï¿½klarï¿½ndan farklï¿½ deï¿½ildir. ï¿½lkedeki mahkemelerin "ceza" yï¿½ntemleri de son derece acï¿½masï¿½z ve vahï¿½idir. Diri diri topraï¿½a gï¿½mmek, ï¿½ldï¿½resiye dï¿½vï¿½len bir insanï¿½ ï¿½ï¿½plak halde karlarda yatï¿½rmak gibi "ceza"lar uygulanmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r.

Asimilasyon Uygulamalarï¿½

O zamanki ï¿½in yï¿½netimi, 1949 yï¿½lï¿½ndan itibaren bir yandan Mï¿½slï¿½manlarï¿½ imha ederken diï¿½er yandan da bï¿½lgeye sistemli bir biï¿½imde ï¿½inli gï¿½ï¿½men yerleï¿½tirdi. ï¿½in hï¿½kï¿½metinin 1953 yï¿½lï¿½nda baï¿½lattï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ bu kampanyanï¿½n etkisi son derece dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ndï¿½rï¿½cï¿½dï¿½r. 1953 yï¿½lï¿½nda bï¿½lgede %75 Mï¿½slï¿½man nï¿½fusa karï¿½ï¿½lï¿½k %6 ï¿½inli yaï¿½arken, bu oran 1982 yï¿½lï¿½nda %53 Mï¿½slï¿½man, %40 ï¿½inli olarak deï¿½iï¿½ti. 1990 yï¿½lï¿½nda yapï¿½lan nï¿½fus sayï¿½mï¿½nda ortaya ï¿½ï¿½kan %40 Mï¿½slï¿½man, %53 ï¿½inli nï¿½fus oranï¿½ bï¿½lgedeki etnik temizliï¿½in boyutlarï¿½nï¿½ gï¿½stermesi aï¿½ï¿½sï¿½ndan son derece ï¿½nemlidir.

Gï¿½nï¿½mï¿½zde Uygurlar, kï¿½ylerde oturmaya zorlanï¿½rken ï¿½inliler ï¿½ehirlere yerleï¿½tirilmektedir. Bu sebeple bazï¿½ ï¿½ehirlerde ï¿½inli nï¿½fus yï¿½zdesi %80'lere ï¿½ï¿½kmaktadï¿½r. Hedef, ï¿½ehirlerde ï¿½inlileri ï¿½oï¿½unluk haline getirmektir. ï¿½in Hï¿½kï¿½meti'nin Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistanlï¿½larï¿½ ï¿½inlilerle evlendirmek iï¿½in uyguladï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ yï¿½ntemler ise bu asimilasyon ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malarï¿½nï¿½n bir parï¿½asï¿½dï¿½r.

Zoraki Doï¿½um Kontrolï¿½

ï¿½in hï¿½kï¿½meti, Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'daki Mï¿½slï¿½man Tï¿½rk nï¿½fusunun artmasï¿½na engel olmak iï¿½in, "doï¿½um kontrolï¿½ kanunu"nu da acï¿½masï¿½zca uygulamaktadï¿½r. Bu kanuna gï¿½re ï¿½ehirlerde oturanlarï¿½n 2, kï¿½ylerde oturanlarï¿½n 3'ten fazla ï¿½ocuk sahibi olmalarï¿½ yasaktï¿½r. Bu yasaï¿½a uymayanlar ï¿½ok aï¿½ï¿½r cezalara ï¿½arptï¿½rï¿½lmaktadï¿½r. Geniï¿½ kï¿½rsal kesimlerde yasaï¿½a uymayan kadï¿½nlara; hiï¿½bir tedbir alï¿½nmadan toplu kï¿½rtaj operasyonlarï¿½ yapï¿½lmaktadï¿½r. Hamile kadï¿½nlarï¿½n ï¿½ocuklarï¿½ karï¿½nlarï¿½ndan zorla ï¿½ï¿½karï¿½larak ï¿½ldï¿½rï¿½lmektedir. Kanun dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ doï¿½an ï¿½ocuklara isim verilmemekte, vatandaï¿½lï¿½k hakkï¿½ tanï¿½nmamaktadï¿½r. Yï¿½netimin bu konudaki yasaklarï¿½na karï¿½ï¿½ gelenler ise hapsedilmektedir. 1991 yï¿½lï¿½na Hoten vilayetinin Karakaï¿½ ilï¿½esinde zorunlu kï¿½rtaja tabi tutulan annelerin sayï¿½sï¿½ 18.765'tir. Bu rakam, ilï¿½ede anne adaylarï¿½nï¿½n %49'unu teï¿½kil eder. Doï¿½um yasaï¿½ï¿½nï¿½ tam kontrol edebilmek iï¿½in, 1992'de bu bï¿½lgeye 432 ï¿½inli memur tayin edilmiï¿½tir.

Nï¿½kleer Denemeler ve Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'daki Kanser Oranlarï¿½ndaki Artï¿½ï¿½

ï¿½in'in en bï¿½yï¿½k nï¿½kleer merkezi ve deneme alanï¿½ Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'dadï¿½r. Hï¿½kï¿½met gerekli hiï¿½bir koruyucu tedbirleri almaksï¿½zï¿½n, bï¿½lgede nï¿½kleer denemeler yapmaktadï¿½r. (www.turkdunyasi.org)

16 Ekim 1964 tarihinde baï¿½latï¿½lan nï¿½kleer denemelerin olumsuz etkileri yï¿½zï¿½nden bï¿½lge insanlarï¿½ ï¿½lï¿½mcï¿½l hastalï¿½klara yakalanmï¿½ï¿½, 20 bin ï¿½zï¿½rlï¿½ ï¿½ocuk dï¿½nyaya gelmiï¿½tir. Nï¿½kleer denemeler nedeniyle 210 bin civarï¿½nda Mï¿½slï¿½man ï¿½lmï¿½ï¿½, binlercesi sakat kalmï¿½ï¿½, binlercesi de kansere yakalanmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r.

En sonuncusu ise 1996 yï¿½lï¿½nï¿½n Aï¿½ustos ayï¿½ iï¿½inde gerï¿½ekleï¿½tirilmiï¿½tir.

Atom denemeleri sonucunda; ï¿½evre kirlenmekte, tabiat ve canlï¿½lar tahrip olmakta, halk ï¿½eï¿½itli hastalï¿½klara yakalanmakta, ï¿½ocuklar ise sakat doï¿½makta ya da ï¿½lmektedir... Bu tehlike ve tehdit karï¿½ï¿½sï¿½nda halk tamamen savunmasï¿½z ve korunmasï¿½zdï¿½r. Sebze ve meyve ï¿½eï¿½itlerinde azalma ve radyoaktif etkiler gï¿½rï¿½lmektedir. Nitekim; batï¿½ ï¿½lkelerinin ï¿½in'den ithal ettikleri Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'da ï¿½retilen kuruyemiï¿½lerde radyasyon tespit etmeleri ï¿½zerine Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan kaynaklï¿½ ï¿½rï¿½nlerin ithalinin yasaklanmasï¿½, bunun bir kanï¿½tï¿½dï¿½r. Ayrï¿½ca ï¿½in hï¿½kï¿½meti, diï¿½er ï¿½lkelerin nï¿½kleer artï¿½klarï¿½nï¿½ ve ï¿½ï¿½plerini kabul etmiï¿½ ve bu konuda antlaï¿½malar imzalamï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r.

ï¿½in, 1964'den gï¿½nï¿½mï¿½ze kadar Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan topraklarï¿½nda 50'ye yakï¿½n atom ve hidrojen bombasï¿½ patlatmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r. ï¿½sveï¿½li uzmanlar, 1984 yï¿½lï¿½nda yapï¿½lan yeraltï¿½ nï¿½kleer denemesinde kullanï¿½lan 150 ton gï¿½cï¿½ndeki bombanï¿½n Richter ï¿½lï¿½eï¿½iyle 8.8 bï¿½yï¿½klï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nde yer sarsï¿½ntï¿½sï¿½na sebebiyet verdiï¿½ini tespit etmiï¿½lerdir.

ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½k, hemen hemen her
toplum ve ideolojiden kiï¿½inin hemfikir olduï¿½u ve savunduï¿½u bir kavramdï¿½r.
ï¿½nsanlï¿½k tarihindeki ï¿½atï¿½ï¿½malarï¿½n, savaï¿½larï¿½n ï¿½oï¿½undaki amaï¿½, ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½
kazanmak olmuï¿½tur.
Batï¿½ dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ncesinin ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½ï¿½e verdiï¿½i anlamï¿½ ï¿½ï¿½yle ï¿½zetleyebiliriz:
ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½k, insana, diï¿½er insanlar (toplum) ya da devlet -veya baï¿½ka
herhangi bir kurum- tarafï¿½ndan hiï¿½bir kï¿½sï¿½tlama ve baskï¿½ yapï¿½lmamasï¿½dï¿½r.Bugï¿½n
Batï¿½ toplumlarï¿½nï¿½n iï¿½inde bulunduklarï¿½ toplumsal yapï¿½, modern Batï¿½
felsefesi tarafï¿½ndan tarifi yapï¿½lan "ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½k" kavramï¿½nï¿½n,
insanï¿½n kurtuluï¿½unu saï¿½lamadï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½ gï¿½stermektedir.

Okullarda, bilimsel kaynaklarda ve bir kï¿½sï¿½m medyada, teori ispatlanmï¿½ï¿½
bir gerï¿½ek gibi sunulmakta, pek ï¿½ok insan da bu nedenle evrimi hiï¿½
sorgulamadan kabul etmektedir. Oysa her geï¿½en gï¿½n geliï¿½en, paleoantropoloji,
antropoloji ve mikrobiyoloji gibi bilim dallarï¿½, sï¿½zï¿½nï¿½ ettiï¿½imiz
yaygï¿½n inanï¿½ï¿½ï¿½n aksine, evrim teorisini sï¿½rekli yalanlamaktadï¿½rlar.
Evrimi ispatlamak iï¿½in 150 yï¿½ldï¿½r aralï¿½ksï¿½z sï¿½rdï¿½rï¿½len ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malar,
teoriyi ï¿½ï¿½rï¿½tmekten baï¿½ka bir sonuca varamamï¿½ï¿½lardï¿½r.
Bu gerï¿½eï¿½e raï¿½men, evrim teorisinin bu denli yaygï¿½n bir biï¿½imde
savunulmasï¿½ ve insanlara empoze edilmesinin tek nedeni ise, teorinin
ideolojik yï¿½nï¿½dï¿½r.