1953 yï¿½lï¿½nda Adnan Menderes Hï¿½kï¿½meti'nin Bakanlar Kurulu kararï¿½ ile ï¿½in zulmï¿½nden kaï¿½an 1850 Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'lï¿½ Mï¿½slï¿½man-Tï¿½rk'ï¿½n, Tï¿½rkiye Cumhuriyeti vatandaï¿½ï¿½ olmasï¿½na izin verilmiï¿½ti. Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'lï¿½ vatandaï¿½larï¿½mï¿½z Tï¿½rkiye'ye geliï¿½lerinin 50. yï¿½lï¿½nï¿½ yine buruk kutluyorlar.

ï¿½in iï¿½galinin tï¿½m ï¿½iddeti ve acï¿½masï¿½zlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ ile sï¿½rdï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ bir dï¿½nemde katliamdan kurtularak Hindistan'a geï¿½en Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan davasï¿½nï¿½n iki ï¿½nemli ismi Mehmet Emin Buï¿½ra ve ï¿½sa Yusuf Alptekin 1953 yï¿½lï¿½nda Suudi Arabistan, Mï¿½sï¿½r ve Tï¿½rkiye'yi iï¿½ine alan bir geziye ï¿½ï¿½kmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½. Mï¿½sï¿½r ve Suudi Arabistan'dan beklediï¿½i cevabï¿½ alamayan Uygur Mï¿½slï¿½manlarï¿½ aynï¿½ dï¿½nemde Tï¿½rkiye'ye geï¿½ti ve dï¿½nemin Baï¿½bakanï¿½ Adnan Menderes, TBMM Baï¿½kanï¿½ Refik Koraltan, Dï¿½ï¿½iï¿½leri Bakanï¿½ Fuat Kï¿½prï¿½lï¿½, Maliye Bakanï¿½ Hasan Polatkan ile bir gï¿½rï¿½ï¿½me yaptï¿½lar.
Bu gï¿½rï¿½ï¿½menin ardï¿½ndan harekete geï¿½en Menderes Hï¿½kï¿½meti yetkilileri ilk planda Hac maksadï¿½yla Suudi Arabistan'da bulunan, ancak ï¿½in zulmï¿½ nedeniyle ï¿½lkelerine dï¿½nemeyen 1850 Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'lï¿½ Mï¿½slï¿½man Uygurluyu iskanlï¿½ gï¿½ï¿½men olarak Tï¿½rkiye topraklarï¿½na davet etti. Menderes Hï¿½kï¿½meti'nin vermiï¿½ olduï¿½u bu tarihi kararï¿½n ardï¿½ndan ï¿½eï¿½itli vesilelerle ï¿½in zulmï¿½nden kaï¿½an binlerce Mï¿½slï¿½man Uygurlu ï¿½nce ï¿½stanbul'un ï¿½eï¿½itli semtlerine, 1960'lï¿½ yï¿½llarda ise Kayseri ï¿½evresine hicret etti.
Tï¿½rkiye'ye hicretlerinin 50. yï¿½lï¿½nda Ankara'da bir ï¿½ï¿½kran gï¿½nï¿½ dï¿½zenleyen Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'lï¿½ Mï¿½slï¿½man soydaï¿½larï¿½mï¿½z, tï¿½m dï¿½nyayï¿½ ï¿½in zulmï¿½ne dur demeye ï¿½aï¿½ï¿½rdï¿½. Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan Davasï¿½'na destek iï¿½in kaleme aldï¿½ï¿½ï¿½mï¿½z bu yazï¿½mï¿½zda, medeniyetler merkezi Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'ï¿½n neden ï¿½in iï¿½gali altï¿½nda tutulduï¿½unu inceleyeceï¿½iz.

Medeniyetler Merkezi Doï¿½u Tï¿½kistan

ï¿½ki bin iki yï¿½z yï¿½llï¿½k geï¿½miï¿½i ile Tï¿½rkistan topraklarï¿½, dï¿½nyanï¿½n en ï¿½nemli ve kï¿½klï¿½ medeniyetlerine ev sahipliï¿½i yapmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r. Batï¿½da Hazar Denizi ve Ural Daï¿½larï¿½'nï¿½n gï¿½ney kï¿½smï¿½na, kuzeyde Sibirya'ya, gï¿½neyde ï¿½ran, Afganistan ve Tibet'e, doï¿½uda ï¿½in ve Moï¿½olistan'a sï¿½nï¿½r olan Tï¿½rkistan, oldukï¿½a geniï¿½ bir sahaya sahiptir.
Bugï¿½n, Kazakistan, Kï¿½rgï¿½zistan, Tacikistan, ï¿½zbekistan ve Tï¿½rkmenistan'ï¿½n dahil olduï¿½u bï¿½lge Batï¿½ Tï¿½rkistan olarak anï¿½lmakta, iki asï¿½rdï¿½r ï¿½in'in esareti altï¿½nda bulunan bï¿½lge ise Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan olarak adlandï¿½rï¿½lmaktadï¿½r. Tï¿½rkistan'ï¿½n coï¿½rafi ve stratejik olarak taï¿½ï¿½dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ ï¿½nemi anlamak iï¿½in ise, ï¿½ncelikle bï¿½lgenin iki dev gï¿½cï¿½ olan Rusya ve ï¿½in'in bu topraklara olan ilgilerini gï¿½z ï¿½nï¿½nde bulundurmak yeterlidir. Coï¿½rafi yapï¿½nï¿½n da sebep olduï¿½u siyasi oluï¿½umlar neticesinde bugï¿½n Batï¿½ ve Doï¿½u olarak ikiye ayrï¿½lmï¿½ï¿½ olan Tï¿½rkistan topraklarï¿½ ï¿½zerinde, Rusya'nï¿½n ve ï¿½in'in ï¿½ok ï¿½nemli planlarï¿½ vardï¿½r.
Bu iki ï¿½lkenin sï¿½z konusu bï¿½lgeden ne pahasï¿½na olursa olsun vazgeï¿½meme tutkusunun ardï¿½nda, bï¿½lgenin stratejik konumunun yanï¿½ sï¿½ra, sahip olduï¿½u zengin yeraltï¿½ rezervleri de bï¿½yï¿½k rol oynamaktadï¿½r. Batï¿½ Tï¿½rkistan'daki Tï¿½rk devletleri Rusya iï¿½in, Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan ise ï¿½in iï¿½in kaybedilmemesi gereken ï¿½nemli birer hammadde kaynaï¿½ï¿½ niteliï¿½indedir.

Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan ï¿½in Topraï¿½ï¿½ Deï¿½ildir

ï¿½in'in, Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan halkï¿½na karï¿½ï¿½ yaptï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ insan haklarï¿½ ihlallerini ve zulmï¿½ gizlemek iï¿½in uluslararasï¿½ arenada ï¿½ne sï¿½rdï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ iddialardan biri, bu bï¿½lgenin "ï¿½in topraklarï¿½nï¿½n bir parï¿½asï¿½ olduï¿½u", dolayï¿½sï¿½yla da Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'da yaï¿½ananlarï¿½n "ï¿½in'in iï¿½ meselesi sayï¿½lmasï¿½ gerektiï¿½i" iddiasï¿½dï¿½r. Oysa tarihi kaynaklar bu iddiayï¿½ yalanlamaktadï¿½r. Bunlarï¿½n baï¿½ï¿½nda ï¿½inlilerin, diï¿½er milletlerden kendilerine karï¿½ï¿½ yï¿½nelen saldï¿½rï¿½larï¿½ engellemek iï¿½in inï¿½a ettikleri ï¿½in Seddi gelmektedir. Tarihte ilk defa ï¿½inliler ile bï¿½lgede yaï¿½ayan diï¿½er milletler arasï¿½ndaki resmi sï¿½nï¿½rï¿½ bu set oluï¿½turmuï¿½tur. Ve Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan ï¿½in'in tarihi sï¿½nï¿½rlarï¿½ olarak kabul edilen bu setin dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nda kalmaktadï¿½r. Ayrï¿½ca, Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'da bol miktarda bulunan yeï¿½im taï¿½ï¿½nï¿½n adï¿½ ile anï¿½lan Yeï¿½im Kapï¿½sï¿½'nï¿½n ï¿½eï¿½itli kaynaklarda ï¿½in'in en batï¿½ sï¿½nï¿½rï¿½ olarak kabul edildiï¿½i aktarï¿½lmaktadï¿½r. Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'a aï¿½ï¿½lan bu kapï¿½nï¿½n, ï¿½in'in batï¿½daki en uï¿½ noktasï¿½ olarak kabul edildiï¿½ini dile getiren kaynaklardan birisi 1939 yï¿½lï¿½nda ï¿½anghay'da basï¿½lan New China Atlas (Yeni ï¿½in Atlasï¿½) isimli bir ï¿½in kaynaï¿½ï¿½dï¿½r. (www.doguturkistan.com)
ï¿½te yandan tarih boyunca ï¿½in Seddi ile Hazar Denizi, Sibirya ile ï¿½ran, Afganistan, Pakistan, Keï¿½mir ve Tibet sï¿½nï¿½rlarï¿½ arasï¿½nda kalan bï¿½lgenin adï¿½ Tï¿½rkistan olmuï¿½tur. Bu durum ï¿½slam tarihinin ilk kaynaklarï¿½nda, tarihi ï¿½ran ve Hint belgelerinde belirtildiï¿½i gibi, pek ï¿½ok Batï¿½lï¿½ tarihï¿½i de bu konuda hemfikirdir. Bilinen en eski Tï¿½rkologlardan Nikita Biï¿½urin, "Hazar Denizi ile Kuh-ï¿½ Nur Daï¿½larï¿½ arasï¿½nda bir millet yaï¿½ar. Bunlar Tï¿½rkï¿½e konuï¿½urlar ve ï¿½slam dinine inanï¿½rlar. Bu insanlar kendilerini Tï¿½rk olarak takdim ederler ve onlarï¿½n ï¿½lkesi Tï¿½rkistan olarak anï¿½lï¿½r" ï¿½eklindeki sï¿½zleriyle bu tarihi gerï¿½eï¿½in altï¿½nï¿½ ï¿½izmiï¿½tir. ï¿½in'in bï¿½lgeyi iï¿½galinin ardï¿½ndan bu topraklara, "yeni kazanï¿½lan yer" anlamï¿½nï¿½ taï¿½ï¿½yan, "Xinjiang" (Sincan) adï¿½nï¿½ koymasï¿½ ise bu tarihi gerï¿½eï¿½i deï¿½iï¿½tirmemektedir.

ï¿½in, Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'dan Neden Vazgeï¿½miyor'

Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan topraklarï¿½ aynï¿½ zamanda zengin yeraltï¿½ kaynaklarï¿½na sahiptir ve topraklarï¿½ da ï¿½ok verimlidir. 21. yï¿½zyï¿½lï¿½n Kuveyt'i olarak da anï¿½lan Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan, petrol, doï¿½al gaz, uranyum, kï¿½mï¿½r, altï¿½n ve gï¿½mï¿½ï¿½ madenlerinin bolluï¿½u ile dikkat ï¿½ekmektedir ve bu yï¿½nï¿½ ile ï¿½in'in en ï¿½nemli hammadde kaynaklarï¿½ndan biridir. Yetkililer tarafï¿½ndan, 2005 yï¿½lï¿½nda Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'ï¿½n petrol ve doï¿½al gaz ï¿½retiminde ï¿½in'in ikinci ï¿½nemli merkezi haline geleceï¿½i bildirilmektedir. ï¿½zellikle Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'ï¿½n orta bï¿½lgesinde yer alan Tarï¿½m Havzasï¿½'nï¿½n geniï¿½ petrol rezervlerine sahip olduï¿½u dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½lmekte ve bu yï¿½nde araï¿½tï¿½rmalar devam etmektedir. Bu ï¿½zelliï¿½inden dolayï¿½ "Umut Denizi" olarak adlandï¿½rï¿½lan Tarï¿½m Havzasï¿½'nï¿½n 10.7 milyar ton petrol kapasitesi olduï¿½u tahmin edilmektedir. Jeologlarï¿½n ï¿½u ana kadar yaptï¿½klarï¿½ araï¿½tï¿½rmalar ise 300 milyon ton petrol ve 220 milyar metre kï¿½p doï¿½al gaz kapasitesi olan 13 yatak ortaya ï¿½ï¿½karmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r.
ï¿½in'in Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'a enerji konusundaki baï¿½ï¿½mlï¿½lï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ Tarï¿½m Havzasï¿½'ndaki petrol kaynaklarï¿½ ile de sï¿½nï¿½rlï¿½ deï¿½ildir. ï¿½in sanayisi iï¿½in hayati ï¿½nem taï¿½ï¿½yan, Orta Asya Tï¿½rk Devletlerinden gelecek herhangi bir boru hattï¿½nï¿½n doï¿½al gï¿½zergahï¿½ Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan olacaktï¿½r. Bï¿½yle bir taï¿½ï¿½ma sisteminin ï¿½in iï¿½in saï¿½lï¿½klï¿½ ve gï¿½venilir olmasï¿½nï¿½n en garantili yolu ise Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'ï¿½n kendi denetimi altï¿½nda bulunmasï¿½dï¿½r.
Zengin doï¿½al gaz, kï¿½mï¿½r ve bakï¿½r yataklarï¿½ da bu bï¿½lgeyi ï¿½in ekonomisi iï¿½in vazgeï¿½ilmez kï¿½lmaktadï¿½r. Kï¿½zï¿½l ï¿½in topraklarï¿½nda ï¿½ï¿½karï¿½lan 148 ï¿½eï¿½it madenin 118 ï¿½eï¿½idi Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan topraklarï¿½nda yer almaktadï¿½r. Bu da ï¿½in'in toplam maden ocaklarï¿½nï¿½n %85'ini oluï¿½turur. Bunlarï¿½n arasï¿½nda kalitesi ve yï¿½ksek kalori deï¿½eri ile ï¿½nlï¿½ olan kï¿½mï¿½rï¿½n ayrï¿½ bir yeri vardï¿½r. ï¿½in'in toplam kï¿½mï¿½r rezervinin yarï¿½sï¿½nï¿½ oluï¿½turan Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan kï¿½mï¿½r madenlerinin rezervi 2 trilyon ton olarak hesaplanmaktadï¿½r. 2000 yï¿½lï¿½ sonlarï¿½nda yapï¿½lan bir araï¿½tï¿½rma ise ï¿½in'in en zengin
bakï¿½r yataklarï¿½nï¿½n Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'da olduï¿½unu ortaya ï¿½ï¿½karmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r. ï¿½in'in diï¿½er bï¿½lgelerinin bakï¿½r aï¿½ï¿½sï¿½ndan zayï¿½f olduï¿½u ve ï¿½in'deki tï¿½m bakï¿½r yataklarï¿½nï¿½n ï¿½lkenin ihtiyacï¿½nï¿½n yarï¿½sï¿½nï¿½ bile karï¿½ï¿½layamadï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ bilinmektedir. Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'daki bakï¿½r madenleri, ï¿½in'in gï¿½zï¿½nde Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'ï¿½ daha da deï¿½erli hale getirmektedir.

Tï¿½rkiye'ye Dï¿½ï¿½en Tarihi Sorumluluk

Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistanlï¿½ Mï¿½slï¿½manlarï¿½n hukukuna sahip ï¿½ï¿½kmak ve onu savunmak, Tï¿½rkiye iï¿½in stratejik bir gerekliliktir. Bilindiï¿½i gibi Orta Asya'daki Tï¿½rk Cumhuriyetleri, Tï¿½rkiye, Rusya ve ï¿½ran gibi farklï¿½ ï¿½lkelerin nï¿½fuz mï¿½cadelesine sahne olmaktadï¿½rlar. Tï¿½rkiye'nin bï¿½lgede diï¿½erlerinden daha fazla etkin olmasï¿½nï¿½n bir yolu, ekonomik gï¿½ï¿½ ve giriï¿½iminin yanï¿½ sï¿½ra, bï¿½lge halklarï¿½nï¿½n sevgi ve gï¿½venini daha fazla kazanmasï¿½nï¿½ saï¿½layacak siyasi giriï¿½imlerden geï¿½mektedir. Tï¿½rkiye'nin Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan davasï¿½na sahip ï¿½ï¿½kmasï¿½, Tï¿½rkistan'ï¿½n genelinde, yani Orta Asya'daki tï¿½m Tï¿½rki Cumhuriyetler'de Tï¿½rkiye'nin gï¿½ï¿½ ve iradesine olan inancï¿½ pekiï¿½tirecektir.
Konunun ikinci yï¿½nï¿½ ise, "gerï¿½ek ï¿½slam ahlakï¿½nï¿½ dï¿½nyaya bir model olarak gï¿½stermek" misyonudur. Bunu da ï¿½slam dï¿½nyasï¿½nda baï¿½armaya aday olan en ï¿½nemli ï¿½lke Tï¿½rkiye'dir. Tï¿½rkiye, ï¿½slam'ï¿½n ï¿½zï¿½ndeki sevgi, saygï¿½ ve hoï¿½gï¿½rï¿½ prensiplerini kavramï¿½ï¿½, modern ve ï¿½aï¿½daï¿½ bir ï¿½lkedir. Osmanlï¿½'dan gelen bï¿½yï¿½k bir kï¿½ltï¿½rel mirasï¿½n ve tarihsel vizyonun sahibidir. Batï¿½ dï¿½nyasï¿½ ile en iyi entegre olmuï¿½ ï¿½slam ï¿½lkesidir. ï¿½slam dï¿½nyasï¿½ ve Batï¿½ arasï¿½nda kï¿½rï¿½klenmek istenen yapay "medeniyetler ï¿½atï¿½ï¿½masï¿½"na karï¿½ï¿½ en etkili ï¿½ï¿½zï¿½m, Tï¿½rkiye'den gelebilir.
Umulur ki 21. yï¿½zyï¿½lda bu ï¿½ï¿½zï¿½m gerï¿½ekleï¿½ecek ve Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan dahil tï¿½m ï¿½slam dï¿½nyasï¿½, Tï¿½rkiye'nin ï¿½nderliï¿½inde, barï¿½ï¿½ ve huzura kavuï¿½acaktï¿½r. Doï¿½u Tï¿½rkistan'ï¿½n geleceï¿½i tï¿½m ï¿½slam dï¿½nyasï¿½nï¿½n geleceï¿½i gibi Allah'ï¿½n izniyle aydï¿½nlï¿½k ve parlaktï¿½r. Bu aydï¿½nlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½n alametleri ise bugï¿½nden belirmeye baï¿½lamï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r. Her tï¿½rlï¿½ baskï¿½ ve zulme raï¿½men Mï¿½slï¿½manlarï¿½n dinlerine ve inanï¿½larï¿½na sahip ï¿½ï¿½kmakta kararlï¿½ olmalarï¿½, ï¿½stelik son zamanlarda tï¿½m dï¿½nya genelinde din ahlakï¿½na yï¿½neliï¿½in artmasï¿½ gelecek iï¿½in ï¿½ok ï¿½nemli iï¿½aretlerdendir.

ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½k, hemen hemen her
toplum ve ideolojiden kiï¿½inin hemfikir olduï¿½u ve savunduï¿½u bir kavramdï¿½r.
ï¿½nsanlï¿½k tarihindeki ï¿½atï¿½ï¿½malarï¿½n, savaï¿½larï¿½n ï¿½oï¿½undaki amaï¿½, ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½
kazanmak olmuï¿½tur.
Batï¿½ dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ncesinin ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½ï¿½e verdiï¿½i anlamï¿½ ï¿½ï¿½yle ï¿½zetleyebiliriz:
ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½k, insana, diï¿½er insanlar (toplum) ya da devlet -veya baï¿½ka
herhangi bir kurum- tarafï¿½ndan hiï¿½bir kï¿½sï¿½tlama ve baskï¿½ yapï¿½lmamasï¿½dï¿½r.Bugï¿½n
Batï¿½ toplumlarï¿½nï¿½n iï¿½inde bulunduklarï¿½ toplumsal yapï¿½, modern Batï¿½
felsefesi tarafï¿½ndan tarifi yapï¿½lan "ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½k" kavramï¿½nï¿½n,
insanï¿½n kurtuluï¿½unu saï¿½lamadï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½ gï¿½stermektedir.

Okullarda, bilimsel kaynaklarda ve bir kï¿½sï¿½m medyada, teori ispatlanmï¿½ï¿½
bir gerï¿½ek gibi sunulmakta, pek ï¿½ok insan da bu nedenle evrimi hiï¿½
sorgulamadan kabul etmektedir. Oysa her geï¿½en gï¿½n geliï¿½en, paleoantropoloji,
antropoloji ve mikrobiyoloji gibi bilim dallarï¿½, sï¿½zï¿½nï¿½ ettiï¿½imiz
yaygï¿½n inanï¿½ï¿½ï¿½n aksine, evrim teorisini sï¿½rekli yalanlamaktadï¿½rlar.
Evrimi ispatlamak iï¿½in 150 yï¿½ldï¿½r aralï¿½ksï¿½z sï¿½rdï¿½rï¿½len ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malar,
teoriyi ï¿½ï¿½rï¿½tmekten baï¿½ka bir sonuca varamamï¿½ï¿½lardï¿½r.
Bu gerï¿½eï¿½e raï¿½men, evrim teorisinin bu denli yaygï¿½n bir biï¿½imde
savunulmasï¿½ ve insanlara empoze edilmesinin tek nedeni ise, teorinin
ideolojik yï¿½nï¿½dï¿½r.