ï¿½Ermeni Sorunuï¿½ ifadesi ilk bakï¿½ï¿½ta Tï¿½rkler ile Ermeniler arasï¿½ndaki anlaï¿½mazlï¿½k, ayrï¿½lï¿½k ve ï¿½atï¿½ï¿½mayï¿½ dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ndï¿½rmektedir. Gerï¿½ekte ise bu ifade sadece 19. yï¿½zyï¿½lï¿½n sonlarï¿½ndan itibaren geliï¿½en bazï¿½ olaylarï¿½ nitelendirmektedir. Gerï¿½ekte ise, yï¿½zyï¿½llar boyunca Tï¿½rkler ile Ermeniler arasï¿½ndaki iliï¿½kiler dostluk, beraberlik, barï¿½ï¿½, yardï¿½mlaï¿½ma, hoï¿½gï¿½rï¿½, saygï¿½, iï¿½ birliï¿½i, din, inanï¿½ ve ibadet ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ esaslarï¿½ ï¿½erï¿½evesinde geliï¿½miï¿½tir. Ermeniler ve Tï¿½rkler ilk defa 11. yï¿½zyï¿½lda biraraya gelmiï¿½, daha sonra ise asï¿½rlar boyunca ï¿½rnek bir ï¿½birlikte yaï¿½ama modeliï¿½ sergilemiï¿½lerdir. Tï¿½rklerin Ermenileri ï¿½millet-i sadï¿½kaï¿½ (gï¿½venilir millet) ï¿½eklinde nitelendirmeleri, onlara duyduklarï¿½ gï¿½venin bir gï¿½stergesidir. Tarihin ortaya koyduï¿½u gibi, Ermeni milletinin altï¿½n ï¿½aï¿½ï¿½, Anadoluï¿½da aynï¿½ topraklar ï¿½zerinde Tï¿½rklerle yan yana yaï¿½adï¿½klarï¿½ dï¿½neme rastlamaktadï¿½r. Tï¿½rklerin adil, hoï¿½gï¿½rï¿½lï¿½ yï¿½netimi ve koruyucu kanatlarï¿½ altï¿½nda tarihlerinin diï¿½er hiï¿½bir dï¿½neminde olmadï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ kadar huzur ve refah iï¿½inde hayatlarï¿½nï¿½ sï¿½rdï¿½rmï¿½ï¿½lerdir. Tï¿½rklerin Ermenilere gï¿½sterdiï¿½i yakï¿½n ilgi ve tanï¿½dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ geniï¿½ imkanlar Ermeniler arasï¿½nda ï¿½u ifade ile anlatï¿½lï¿½r hale gelmiï¿½tir: ï¿½Tï¿½rkï¿½ï¿½n itimat ve teveccï¿½hï¿½nï¿½ bir kere dahi olsa kazanacak olursan, kafidir. O sana bï¿½tï¿½n varlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ ile baï¿½lanï¿½r, ï¿½ï¿½nkï¿½ takdir kudreti onda mevcuttur.ï¿½

ï¿½Ermeni Sorunuï¿½ kapsamï¿½na giren olaylar ise, ilk defa 19. yï¿½zyï¿½lï¿½n ikinci yarï¿½sï¿½nda tarih sahnesine ï¿½ï¿½ktï¿½. O dï¿½nemde Akdenizï¿½e inmeye ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½an ï¿½arlï¿½k Rusyasï¿½ ve ï¿½ngiltere baï¿½ta olmak ï¿½zere yayï¿½lmacï¿½ bir politika izleyen Batï¿½lï¿½ devletler, Osmanlï¿½ ï¿½mparatorluï¿½uï¿½nu parï¿½alamak ve paylaï¿½mak iï¿½in harekete geï¿½tiler. Sï¿½z konusu devletler emperyalist emellerine ulaï¿½mak iï¿½in Ermenileri maï¿½a gibi kullandï¿½lar. Bu amaï¿½la Ermenileri Anadolu topraklarï¿½ ï¿½zerinde kurulacak bir ï¿½Bï¿½yï¿½k Ermenistanï¿½ hayaliyle kï¿½ï¿½kï¿½rttï¿½lar. Bazï¿½ Osmanlï¿½ Ermenileri, yï¿½zyï¿½llardï¿½r kendilerini koruyan ve kucaklayan Osmanlï¿½ Devletiï¿½ne karï¿½ï¿½ ayaklandï¿½lar, komitalar ve silahlï¿½ ï¿½rgï¿½tler kurdular, isyanlar ï¿½ï¿½kardï¿½lar, gerek bireysel terï¿½r eylemleri gerekse toplu katliamlarla Anadoluï¿½yu kana buladï¿½lar. Ermeni isyancï¿½lar, azï¿½nlï¿½k olmalarï¿½na raï¿½men, baskï¿½ ve terï¿½r ile Anadoluï¿½nun ï¿½nemli bir bï¿½lï¿½mï¿½nï¿½ ele geï¿½irebilecekleri dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ncesi ile tarihi Tï¿½rk-Ermeni dayanï¿½ï¿½masï¿½na bï¿½yï¿½k zarar verdiler. Bu ï¿½ekilde baï¿½layan Ermeni sorunu bï¿½yï¿½yï¿½p geliï¿½meye baï¿½ladï¿½ ve Osmanlï¿½ Devletiï¿½nin yanï¿½ sï¿½ra dï¿½nya gï¿½ndeminde de yerini aldï¿½.

Birinci Dï¿½nya Savaï¿½ï¿½, ï¿½zellikle de 1915 yï¿½lï¿½, Ermeni sorununda bir dï¿½nï¿½m noktasï¿½ oldu. Ayrï¿½lï¿½kï¿½ï¿½ Ermeniler, savaï¿½ï¿½, amaï¿½larï¿½na ulaï¿½mak iï¿½in en elveriï¿½li ortam olarak deï¿½erlendirdiler ve Osmanlï¿½ï¿½ya karï¿½ï¿½ savaï¿½an devletlere her tï¿½rlï¿½ desteï¿½i saï¿½ladï¿½lar. Osmanlï¿½ Hï¿½kï¿½meti, arka arkaya patlak veren Ermeni olaylarï¿½nï¿½ ve Osmanlï¿½ ordusunu arkadan vuran Ermeni komitacï¿½larï¿½ durdurmak iï¿½in ï¿½zel bir tedbir aldï¿½; 1915 yï¿½lï¿½nda ï¿½tehcirï¿½ olarak adlandï¿½rï¿½lan zorunlu gï¿½ï¿½ ve iskan uygulamasï¿½nï¿½ yï¿½rï¿½rlï¿½ï¿½e koydu. Bu geï¿½ici bir uygulamaydï¿½; bu uygulamanï¿½n bir diï¿½er amacï¿½ ise, birï¿½ok cephede savaï¿½ olduï¿½undan Tï¿½rk, Ermeni tï¿½m Osmanlï¿½ vatandaï¿½larï¿½nï¿½n gï¿½venliï¿½ini saï¿½lamaktï¿½. Arï¿½iv belgelerinin aï¿½ï¿½kï¿½a ortaya koyduï¿½una gï¿½re, dï¿½nemin Osmanlï¿½ Hï¿½kï¿½meti Ermeni iskanï¿½nï¿½n hakkaniyet sï¿½nï¿½rlarï¿½ iï¿½inde gerï¿½ekleï¿½tirilmesine ï¿½zen gï¿½stermiï¿½; idari, mali ve askeri aï¿½ï¿½dan elinden gelen tï¿½m desteï¿½i vermiï¿½ti. Fakat buna raï¿½men, Ermeni isyanlarï¿½ ve I. Dï¿½nya Savaï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½n ï¿½ok aï¿½ï¿½r koï¿½ullarï¿½ nedeniyle tehcir sï¿½rasï¿½nda ï¿½lï¿½mlerin meydana gelmesi ï¿½nlenememiï¿½ti.

Zorunlu gï¿½ï¿½ ve iskan uygulamasï¿½yla birlikte ortaya ï¿½ï¿½kan olaylar, dokuz yï¿½z yï¿½llï¿½k Tï¿½rk-Ermeni dostluï¿½una en bï¿½yï¿½k darbeyi vurmuï¿½tur. O gï¿½nden bu yana radikal Ermeniler ve onlara destek veren ï¿½evreler ï¿½u iddialarï¿½ sï¿½rekli dile getirmektedirler: ï¿½Tï¿½rkler, Ermenilerin ana vatanï¿½ olan Doï¿½u Anadoluï¿½yu zorla almï¿½ï¿½lar; Ermenileri bu topraklardan kovmuï¿½lar; 1915 yï¿½lï¿½nda Ermenilere planlï¿½ bir soykï¿½rï¿½m uygulamï¿½ï¿½lar ve 1.5 milyonu aï¿½kï¿½n Ermeni- yi katletmiï¿½lerdir.ï¿½ Bu iddialar, daha doï¿½rusu hezeyanlar 20. yï¿½zyï¿½l boyunca tekrarlanï¿½p durmuï¿½tur; iï¿½inde bulunduï¿½umuz ï¿½aï¿½da da gï¿½ncelliï¿½ini korumaktadï¿½r.

Tï¿½m bilgi ve belgeler ï¿½Ermeni soykï¿½rï¿½mï¿½ï¿½ diye bir ï¿½eyin sï¿½z konusu olmadï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½ gï¿½zler ï¿½nï¿½ne sermektedir. Birinci Dï¿½nya Savaï¿½ï¿½ yï¿½llarï¿½nda en ï¿½ok acï¿½ ï¿½eken iki millet Tï¿½rkler ve Ermeniler olmuï¿½tur. Hem Tï¿½rk hem Ermeni ï¿½ok sayï¿½da insan ï¿½zï¿½cï¿½ olaylarda hayatï¿½nï¿½ kaybetmiï¿½tir. Her iki toplumdan da ï¿½ok sayï¿½da masum insan ï¿½slamiyet ve Hï¿½ristiyanlï¿½kta kesinlikle yeri olmayan haksï¿½zlï¿½klara, kï¿½tï¿½ muamelelere ve zulme maruz kalmï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r. Ancak ï¿½soykï¿½rï¿½mï¿½ suï¿½lamasï¿½ gerï¿½eklerle taban tabana zï¿½t bir ithamdï¿½r. ï¿½rneï¿½in, Louisville ï¿½niversitesi Tarih Profesï¿½rï¿½ Justin McCarthy bahsi geï¿½en olayï¿½ ï¿½ï¿½yle ï¿½zetlemektedir: ï¿½ ... Ortada iki taraflï¿½, aï¿½ï¿½klanabilir ve anlaï¿½ï¿½labilir bir tarihi anlaï¿½mazlï¿½k vardï¿½r. Bu bir soykï¿½rï¿½m deï¿½ildir.ï¿½(Bï¿½rakï¿½n Tarihï¿½iler Karar Versin Ermeni Araï¿½tï¿½rmalarï¿½ Dergisi, sayï¿½: 2, Haziran-Temmiz-Aï¿½ustos 2001, s.128)

Ermeni sorununun baï¿½lï¿½ca yansï¿½malarï¿½nï¿½, Tï¿½rk diplomatlarï¿½na yï¿½nelik saldï¿½rï¿½lar, Tï¿½rk dï¿½ï¿½manï¿½ ï¿½evrelerce yï¿½rï¿½tï¿½len sï¿½zde soykï¿½rï¿½m propagandasï¿½, Ermenistanï¿½ï¿½n saldï¿½rgan politikalarï¿½ ve Azerbaycan topraklarï¿½nï¿½ iï¿½gal altï¿½nda tutmasï¿½ oluï¿½turmuï¿½tur. Halen Tï¿½rkiye ile komï¿½usu Ermenistan arasï¿½nda diplomatik, siyasi, ekonomik ve kï¿½ltï¿½rel iliï¿½kiler yoktur; ï¿½eï¿½itli ï¿½lkelerde yaï¿½ayan ve Diaspora Ermenileri olarak adlandï¿½rï¿½lan bazï¿½ gruplar ise Tï¿½rkiyeï¿½yi ve Tï¿½rkleri hedef alan bir karalama kampanyasï¿½ yï¿½rï¿½tmektedirler.

Ermeni asï¿½llï¿½ Tï¿½rk vatandaï¿½larï¿½ bu hareketlerden oldukï¿½a rahatsï¿½z durumdadï¿½rlar. Geï¿½miï¿½e bakï¿½ldï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nda ï¿½ok sayï¿½da Osmanlï¿½ Ermenisi, Tï¿½rk ve Ermeni halklarï¿½nï¿½n menfaatlerinin ortak olduï¿½unun bilinciyle hareket etmiï¿½ ve tahriklere kapï¿½lmamï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r. Gï¿½nï¿½mï¿½zde de Tï¿½rkiye Ermenileri tarihi gerï¿½eklerin farkï¿½ndadï¿½r; bir diplomatï¿½mï¿½zï¿½n ifadesiyle, ï¿½Tï¿½rkiye Ermeni toplumu, hepimizi ï¿½zen geliï¿½meler karï¿½ï¿½sï¿½nda aï¿½ï¿½rbaï¿½lï¿½ ve vatandaï¿½ï¿½ olduklarï¿½ Tï¿½rkiye Cumhuriyetiï¿½nin onurunu ve ï¿½ï¿½karlarï¿½nï¿½ ï¿½n planda tutan bir tutum izlemiï¿½tir.ï¿½ ki bu ï¿½ï¿½vgï¿½ye layï¿½kï¿½ bir davranï¿½ï¿½tï¿½r.

Son yï¿½z yï¿½ldï¿½r gï¿½ndemde olan Ermeni sorununun ï¿½ï¿½zï¿½mï¿½ mï¿½mkï¿½ndï¿½r ve bazï¿½ ï¿½evrelerce sanï¿½ldï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ kadar gï¿½ï¿½ de deï¿½ildir. Tï¿½rkiye, Ermenistan ile dostluk, barï¿½ï¿½, her alanda iï¿½ birliï¿½i esasï¿½na dayanan iliï¿½kiler kurmaya; aynï¿½ zamanda Diaspora Ermenilerini kucaklamaya hazï¿½rdï¿½r. Ancak bunun iï¿½in ï¿½ncelikle Ermenistan Devleti ve Ermeni Diasporasï¿½nï¿½n Tï¿½rkiyeï¿½nin haklï¿½ isteklerini yerine getirmesi gerekmektedir. Ermenistan, iï¿½gal altï¿½nda tuttuï¿½u Karabaï¿½ ve Azerbaycan topraklarï¿½ndan ï¿½ekilmeli; antlaï¿½malar ile belirlenmiï¿½ Tï¿½rkiye-Ermenistan sï¿½nï¿½rï¿½nï¿½ tanï¿½dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½ aï¿½ï¿½kï¿½a ilan etmelidir. ï¿½nemli bir konu da, Ermenistan Devleti ile Diaspora Ermenilerinin ortaklaï¿½a yï¿½rï¿½ttï¿½kleri sï¿½zde soykï¿½rï¿½m propagandasï¿½nï¿½ durdurmalarï¿½ ve buna baï¿½lï¿½ ï¿½soykï¿½rï¿½mï¿½ï¿½n tanï¿½nmasï¿½, toprak ve tazminat gibi taleplerinden vazgeï¿½meleridir. Sï¿½z konusu taleplerin haksï¿½z ve tarihi gerï¿½eklere aykï¿½rï¿½ olduï¿½u aï¿½ï¿½ktï¿½r. Bu, hem Kafkasyaï¿½da barï¿½ï¿½, huzur ve istikrarï¿½n saï¿½lanmasï¿½ hem de Ermenistanï¿½ï¿½n kendi ï¿½ï¿½karlarï¿½ aï¿½ï¿½sï¿½ndan bir zorunluluktur.

Tï¿½rkiye-Ermenistan ile Tï¿½rkiye-Diaspora Ermenileri arasï¿½nda var olan sorunlarï¿½n ï¿½stesinden gelebilmek iï¿½in diyalog bï¿½yï¿½k ï¿½nem taï¿½ï¿½maktadï¿½r. Bugï¿½n her iki millete dï¿½ï¿½en; akï¿½lcï¿½, gerï¿½ekï¿½i, ï¿½lï¿½mlï¿½, bilgiye dayalï¿½, uzlaï¿½macï¿½, hoï¿½gï¿½rï¿½lï¿½ ve adil bir yaklaï¿½ï¿½m gï¿½stermek; taraflar arasï¿½ndaki sorunlarï¿½ ï¿½ï¿½zmek ve tarihi Tï¿½rk-Ermeni dostluï¿½unu geï¿½miï¿½tekinden daha da saï¿½lam temeller ï¿½zerine inï¿½a etmektir.

Unutulmamalï¿½dï¿½r ki hem Hï¿½ristiyanlï¿½k hem de ï¿½slamiyet, sevecen, olgun, itidalli, ï¿½lï¿½mlï¿½, nezaketli, kavga ve ï¿½atï¿½ï¿½madan sakï¿½nan, insaflï¿½, vefalï¿½, anlayï¿½ï¿½lï¿½, affedici ve hoï¿½gï¿½rï¿½lï¿½ ahlaka sahip insanlardan oluï¿½an bir toplum modeli sunar ve Allah iman edenlere de bï¿½yle bir toplum oluï¿½turmak iï¿½in gayret etmelerini emreder. Bu yï¿½zden sorunun ï¿½ï¿½zï¿½mï¿½nde Hï¿½ristiyan Ermenilere ve Mï¿½slï¿½man Tï¿½rklere bï¿½yï¿½k gï¿½revler dï¿½ï¿½mektedir.

ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½k, hemen hemen her
toplum ve ideolojiden kiï¿½inin hemfikir olduï¿½u ve savunduï¿½u bir kavramdï¿½r.
ï¿½nsanlï¿½k tarihindeki ï¿½atï¿½ï¿½malarï¿½n, savaï¿½larï¿½n ï¿½oï¿½undaki amaï¿½, ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½ï¿½ï¿½
kazanmak olmuï¿½tur.
Batï¿½ dï¿½ï¿½ï¿½ncesinin ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½ï¿½e verdiï¿½i anlamï¿½ ï¿½ï¿½yle ï¿½zetleyebiliriz:
ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½k, insana, diï¿½er insanlar (toplum) ya da devlet -veya baï¿½ka
herhangi bir kurum- tarafï¿½ndan hiï¿½bir kï¿½sï¿½tlama ve baskï¿½ yapï¿½lmamasï¿½dï¿½r.Bugï¿½n
Batï¿½ toplumlarï¿½nï¿½n iï¿½inde bulunduklarï¿½ toplumsal yapï¿½, modern Batï¿½
felsefesi tarafï¿½ndan tarifi yapï¿½lan "ï¿½zgï¿½rlï¿½k" kavramï¿½nï¿½n,
insanï¿½n kurtuluï¿½unu saï¿½lamadï¿½ï¿½ï¿½nï¿½ gï¿½stermektedir.

Okullarda, bilimsel kaynaklarda ve bir kï¿½sï¿½m medyada, teori ispatlanmï¿½ï¿½
bir gerï¿½ek gibi sunulmakta, pek ï¿½ok insan da bu nedenle evrimi hiï¿½
sorgulamadan kabul etmektedir. Oysa her geï¿½en gï¿½n geliï¿½en, paleoantropoloji,
antropoloji ve mikrobiyoloji gibi bilim dallarï¿½, sï¿½zï¿½nï¿½ ettiï¿½imiz
yaygï¿½n inanï¿½ï¿½ï¿½n aksine, evrim teorisini sï¿½rekli yalanlamaktadï¿½rlar.
Evrimi ispatlamak iï¿½in 150 yï¿½ldï¿½r aralï¿½ksï¿½z sï¿½rdï¿½rï¿½len ï¿½alï¿½ï¿½malar,
teoriyi ï¿½ï¿½rï¿½tmekten baï¿½ka bir sonuca varamamï¿½ï¿½lardï¿½r.
Bu gerï¿½eï¿½e raï¿½men, evrim teorisinin bu denli yaygï¿½n bir biï¿½imde
savunulmasï¿½ ve insanlara empoze edilmesinin tek nedeni ise, teorinin
ideolojik yï¿½nï¿½dï¿½r.